How To Create Nested Navigation Flow In Flutter 1000x600

How To Create Nested Navigation Flow In Flutter

Have you ever heard about the navigator widget? It is the aspect used to maintain a stack of routes. It also plays a vital role in navigating between routes. It often works under the hood and does not demand manual operation to initialize. 

However, in certain use cases, it is necessary to do it manually. If you have any doubts or hesitating in creating the nested navigation flow in a flutter, you can Find Flutter developer who will help you with this.

Almost all the Flutter apps utilize the methods associated with the Navigator, such as pop and push to move to other screens rather than defining it. Whenever you start the app with the MaterialApp widget, it introduces the Navigator. 

Nested navigation is highly required whenever you do not wish to replace the current screen completely with the new one. In this scenario, one screen is pushed at a specific interval while others are intact. Do you want to know in-depth about the nested navigation in Flutter? If yes, then you have to read the blog until the end.

What are the benefits of having a nested navigator?

In Flutter, the nesting navigator indicates the navigator present inside the screen of another navigator. The availability of multiple navigators brings tons of benefits and changes. It makes the process of handling complex app architecture much easier than ever before. It also renders the space to redraw the part of the screen you require. 

For instance, you can have the same bottom navigation bar for two different screens. Now, navigating across many screens becomes easier, which also includes the one-click return to the prior step. Ensure you use the right elements to create and perform nested navigation flow in a Flutter.

Example for nested navigation in Flutter

Below is the example code for the nested navigation in Flutter. 

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
const routeHome = '/';
const routePrefixDeviceSetup = '/setup/';
const routeDeviceSetupStart = '/setup/$routeDeviceSetupStartPage';
const routeDeviceSetupStartPage = 'find_devices';
const routeDeviceSetupSelectDevicePage = 'select_device';
const routeDeviceSetupConnectingPage = 'connecting';
const routeDeviceSetupFinishedPage = 'finished';

void main() {
  runApp(
    MaterialApp(
      theme: ThemeData(
        brightness: Brightness.dark,
        appBarTheme: const AppBarTheme(
          backgroundColor: Colors.blue,
        ),
        floatingActionButtonTheme: const FloatingActionButtonThemeData(
          backgroundColor: Colors.blue,
        ),
      ),
      onGenerateRoute: (settings) {
        late Widget page;
        if (settings.name == routeHome) {
          page = const HomeScreen();
        } else if (settings.name!.startsWith(routePrefixDeviceSetup)) {
          final subRoute =
              settings.name!.substring(routePrefixDeviceSetup.length);
          page = SetupFlow(
            setupPageRoute: subRoute,
          );
        } else {
          throw Exception('Unknown route: ${settings.name}');
        }
        return MaterialPageRoute<dynamic>(
          builder: (context) {
            return page;
          },
          settings: settings,
        );
      },
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
    ),
  );
}
@immutable
class SetupFlow extends StatefulWidget {
  static SetupFlowState of(BuildContext context) {
    return context.findAncestorStateOfType<SetupFlowState>()!;
  }
  const SetupFlow({
    super.key,
    required this.setupPageRoute,
  });
  final String setupPageRoute;
  @override
  SetupFlowState createState() => SetupFlowState();
}
class SetupFlowState extends State<SetupFlow> {
  final _navigatorKey = GlobalKey<NavigatorState>();
  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
  }
  void _onDiscoveryComplete() 
{  _navigatorKey.currentState!.pushNamed(routeDeviceSetupSelectDevicePage);
  }

  void _onDeviceSelected(String deviceId) 
{    _navigatorKey.currentState!.pushNamed(routeDeviceSetupConnectingPage);
  }

  void _onConnectionEstablished() {
    _navigatorKey.currentState!.pushNamed(routeDeviceSetupFinishedPage);
  }

  void _exitSetup() {
    Navigator.of(context).pop();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: _buildFlowAppBar(),
      body: Navigator(
        key: _navigatorKey,
        initialRoute: widget.setupPageRoute,
        onGenerateRoute: _onGenerateRoute,
      ),
    );
  }
  Route _onGenerateRoute(RouteSettings settings) {
    late Widget page;
    switch (settings.name) {
      case routeDeviceSetupStartPage:
        page = WaitingPage(
          message: 'Searching for nearby bulb...',
          onWaitComplete: _onDiscoveryComplete,
        );
        break;
      case routeDeviceSetupSelectDevicePage:
        page = SelectDevicePage(
          onDeviceSelected: _onDeviceSelected,
        );
        break;
      case routeDeviceSetupConnectingPage:
        page = WaitingPage(
          message: 'Connecting...',
          onWaitComplete: _onConnectionEstablished,
        );
        break;
      case routeDeviceSetupFinishedPage:
        page = FinishedPage(
          onFinishPressed: _exitSetup,
        );
        break;
    }
    return MaterialPageRoute<dynamic>(
      builder: (context) {
        return page;
      },
      settings: settings,
    );
  }
  PreferredSizeWidget _buildFlowAppBar() {
    return AppBar(
      leading: IconButton(
        onPressed: () {},
        icon: const Icon(Icons.chevron_left),
      ),
      title: const Text('Bulb Setup'),
    );
  }
}

class SelectDevicePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const SelectDevicePage({
    super.key,
    required this.onDeviceSelected,
  });
  final void Function(String deviceId) onDeviceSelected;
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 24.0),
          child: Column(
            mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
            children: [
              Text(
                'Select a nearby device:',
                style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.headline6,
              ),
              const SizedBox(height: 24),
              SizedBox(
                width: double.infinity,
                height: 54,
                child: ElevatedButton(
                  style: ButtonStyle(
                 backgroundColor: MaterialStateColor.resolveWith((states)                     {
                      return const Color(0xFF222222);
                    }),
                  ),
                  onPressed: () {
                    onDeviceSelected('22n985nk2434');
                  },
                  child: const Text(
                    'Bulb 22n985nk2434',
                    style: TextStyle(
                      fontSize: 24,
                    ),
                  ),
                ),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class WaitingPage extends StatefulWidget {
  const WaitingPage({
    super.key,
    required this.message,
    required this.onWaitComplete,
  });
  final String message;
  final VoidCallback onWaitComplete;
  @override
  State<WaitingPage> createState() => _WaitingPageState();
}

class _WaitingPageState extends State<WaitingPage> {
  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _startWaiting();
  }
  Future<void> _startWaiting() async {
    await Future<dynamic>.delayed(const Duration(seconds: 3));
    if (mounted) {
      widget.onWaitComplete();
    }
  }
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 24.0),
          child: Column(
            mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
            children: [
              const CircularProgressIndicator(),
              const SizedBox(height: 32),
              Text(widget.message),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class FinishedPage extends StatelessWidget {
  const FinishedPage({
    super.key,
    required this.onFinishPressed,
  });
  final VoidCallback onFinishPressed;
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 24.0),
          child: Column(
            mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
            children: [
              Container(
                width: 250,
                height: 250,
                decoration: const BoxDecoration(
                  shape: BoxShape.circle,
                  color: Color(0xFF222222),
                ),
                child: const Center(
                  child: Icon(
                    Icons.lightbulb,
                    size: 175,
                    color: Colors.white,
                  ),
                ),
              ),
              const SizedBox(height: 32),
              const Text(
                'Bulb added!',
                textAlign: TextAlign.center,
                style: TextStyle(
                  fontSize: 24,
                  fontWeight: FontWeight.bold,
                ),
              ),
              const SizedBox(height: 32),
              ElevatedButton(
                style: ButtonStyle(
                  padding: MaterialStateProperty.resolveWith((states) {
                    return const EdgeInsets.symmetric(
                        horizontal: 24, vertical: 12);
                  }),
                  backgroundColor: MaterialStateColor.resolveWith((states) {
                    return const Color(0xFF222222);
                  }),
                  shape: MaterialStateProperty.resolveWith((states) {
                    return const StadiumBorder();
                  }),
                ),
                onPressed: onFinishPressed,
                child: const Text(
                  'Finish',
                  style: TextStyle(
                    fontSize: 24,
                  ),
                ),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

@immutable
class HomeScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomeScreen({
    super.key,
  });
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: _buildAppBar(context),
      body: Center(
        child: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 24.0),
          child: Column(
            mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
            children: [
              Container(
                width: 250,
                height: 250,
                decoration: const BoxDecoration(
                  shape: BoxShape.circle,
                  color: Color(0xFF222222),
                ),
                child: Center(
                  child: Icon(
                    Icons.lightbulb,
                    size: 175,
                    color: Theme.of(context).scaffoldBackgroundColor,
                  ),
                ),
              ),
              const SizedBox(height: 32),
              const Text(
                'Add your first bulb',
                textAlign: TextAlign.center,
                style: TextStyle(
                  fontSize: 24,
                  fontWeight: FontWeight.bold,
                ),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
      floatingActionButton: FloatingActionButton(
        onPressed: () {
          Navigator.of(context).pushNamed(routeDeviceSetupStart);
        },
        child: const Icon(Icons.add),
      ),
    );
  }
  PreferredSizeWidget _buildAppBar(BuildContext context) {
    return AppBar(
      title: const Text('Welcome'),
    );
  }
}

Upon running these codes, you will see the difference in the nested navigation flow in a Flutter. Yes! A new screen replaces the current screen using the nested option. 

Even though the above-mentioned simple code makes you understand something about nested navigation, it is much better to go through an example. 

Conclusion

Now, you get an idea of how to create the nested navigation flow in Flutter. Even if you have doubts or need assistance, you can connect with Flutter app development company like Flutter agency without hesitation. The experienced and skilled developer will provide you with the necessary assistance. Additionally, they let you understand the entire process easily and quickly. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is the nested navigator flow in Flutter development?

The navigator widget in Flutter is that which is utilized to maintain the stack of routes and it also plays an important role that helps us to navigate between the routes.

2. What is the use of a navigator in Flutter in app development?

In Flutter, these elements are known as the routes and it is managed by the Navigator widget. The navigator will manage the stack of route objects and offers two ways for managing a stack, declarative API Navigator.pages or imperative API Navigator.push and Navigator.

3. How many types of navigation are there in Flutter?

Flutter framework is a cross-platform development that implements the web app with only a single codebase. It has two types of APIs for navigation: imperative and declarative.

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Abhishek Dhanani

Written by Abhishek Dhanani

Abhishek Dhanani, a skilled software developer with 3+ years of experience, masters Dart, JavaScript, TypeScript, and frameworks like Flutter and NodeJS. Proficient in MySQL, Firebase, and cloud platforms AWS and GCP, he delivers innovative digital solutions.

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