How to Pick Files and Images for Upload With Flutter Web ??

· 5 min read
How to Pick Files and Images for Upload With Flutter Web??
How to Pick Files and Images for Upload With Flutter Web??

plugin image_picker is a flutter plugin library for both iOS and Android that is been used to pick an image from a mobile phone gallery or even you can take a new photo with the camera. So in this article, we will go through how to pick Files and Images for Upload with Flutter Web.

How to Pick Files and Images for Upload With Flutter Web?

You can start by trying with the below code snippet:

first import package like a below:

import 'dart:html'
// variable to hold image to be displayed 

      Uint8List uploadedImage;

//method to load image and update `uploadedImage`


    _startFilePicker() async {
    InputElement uploadInput = FileUploadInputElement();
    uploadInput.click();

    uploadInput.onChange.listen((e) {
      // read file content as dataURL
      final files = uploadInput.files;
      if (files.length == 1) {
        final file = files[0];
        FileReader reader =  FileReader();

        reader.onLoadEnd.listen((e) {
                    setState(() {
                      uploadedImage = reader.result;
                    });
        });

        reader.onError.listen((fileEvent) {
          setState(() {
            option1Text = "Some Error occured while reading the file";
          });
        });

        reader.readAsArrayBuffer(file);
      }
    });
    }

So now, use any widget, like a button, and call the method _startFilePicker()

package image_picker_web and with the result imagePickerWeb returns three different types it can be in the form of Image(widget for preview), byte, File(upload).

So then you can use this to get the values:

html.File _cloudFile;
 var _fileBytes;
 Image _imageWidget;
 
 Future<void> getMultipleImageInfos() async {
    var mediaData = await ImagePickerWeb.getImageInfo;
    String mimeType = mime(Path.basename(mediaData.fileName));
    html.File mediaFile =
        new html.File(mediaData.data, mediaData.fileName, {'type': mimeType});

    if (mediaFile != null) {
      setState(() {
        _cloudFile = mediaFile;
        _fileBytes = mediaData.data;
        _imageWidget = Image.memory(mediaData.data);
      });
    }

Uploading to firebase

import 'package:firebase/firebase.dart' as fb;
    uploadToFirebase(File file) async {

    final filePath = 'temp/${DateTime.now()}.png';//path to save Storage
    try {
      fb
          .storage()
          .refFromURL('urlFromStorage')
          .child(filePath)
          .put(file);
    } catch (e) {
      print('error:$e');
    }
  }

There are many different approaches but anyone can use this package given here

An example of how to use in Flutter Web is shown below:

class FileUploadButton extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return RaisedButton(
      child: Text('UPLOAD FILE'),
      onPressed: () async {
        var picked = await FilePicker.platform.pickFiles();

        if (picked != null) {
          print(picked.files.first.name);
        }
      },
    );
  }
}

So you must note: Flutter web does not support FilePickerResult.path.

import 'package:http/http.dart' as http;
import 'package:file_picker/file_picker.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class FileUploadWithHttp extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _FileUploadWithHttpState createState() => _FileUploadWithHttpState();
}

class _FileUploadWithHttpState extends State<FileUploadWithHttp> {
  PlatformFile objFile = null;

  void chooseFileUsingFilePicker() async {
    //-----pick file by file picker,

    var result = await FilePicker.platform.pickFiles(
      withReadStream:
          true, // this will return PlatformFile object with read stream
    );
    if (result != null) {
      setState(() {
        objFile = result.files.single;
      });
    }
  }

  void uploadSelectedFile() async {
    //---Create http package multipart request object
    final request = http.MultipartRequest(
      "POST",
      Uri.parse("Your API URL"),
    );
    //-----add other fields if needed
    request.fields["id"] = "abc";

    //-----add selected file with request
    request.files.add(new http.MultipartFile(
        "Your parameter name on server side", objFile.readStream, objFile.size,
        filename: objFile.name));

    //-------Send request
    var resp = await request.send();

    //------Read response
    String result = await resp.stream.bytesToString();

    //-------Your response
    print(result);
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      child: Column(
        children: [
          //------Button to choose file using file picker plugin
          RaisedButton(
              child: Text("Choose File"),
              onPressed: () => chooseFileUsingFilePicker()),
          //------Show file name when file is selected
          if (objFile != null) Text("File name : ${objFile.name}"),
          //------Show file size when file is selected
          if (objFile != null) Text("File size : ${objFile.size} bytes"),
          //------Show upload utton when file is selected
          RaisedButton(
              child: Text("Upload"), onPressed: () => uploadSelectedFile()),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Conclusion:

Thank you for reading!! Hope you have learned.

So in this article, we have been through how to pick Files and Images for Upload with Flutter Web.

Keep Learning !!! Keep Fluttering !!! Stay Tuned for more amazing content 🙂

Do let us know in the comments if you are still confused in flutter!! We would love to help you.

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