How to Join data from two Firestore Collections In Flutter?

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How to Join data from two Firestore Collections In Flutter
How to Join data from two Firestore Collections In Flutter

Earlier we have been through articles related to firebase like a how-to solve no firebase app has been created. So in this article, we will learn about How to Join data from two firestore collections in Flutter.

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How to Join data from two Firestore Collections In Flutter?

You can do it with RxDart plugin like that. Consider a code snippet like the below:

import 'package:rxdart/rxdart.dart';

class Messages {
  final String messages;
  final DateTime timestamp;
  final String uid;
  final DocumentReference reference;

  Messages.fromMap(Map<String, dynamic> map, {this.reference})
      : messages = map['messages'],
        timestamp = (map['timestamp'] as Timestamp)?.toDate(),
        uid = map['uid'];

  Messages.fromSnapshot(DocumentSnapshot snapshot)
      : this.fromMap(snapshot.data, reference: snapshot.reference);

  @override
  String toString() {
    return 'Messages{messages: $messages, timestamp: $timestamp, uid: $uid, reference: $reference}';
  }
}

class Users {
  final String name;
  final DocumentReference reference;

  Users.fromMap(Map<String, dynamic> map, {this.reference})
      : name = map['name'];

  Users.fromSnapshot(DocumentSnapshot snapshot)
      : this.fromMap(snapshot.data, reference: snapshot.reference);

  @override
  String toString() {
    return 'Users{name: $name, reference: $reference}';
  }
}

class CombineStream {
  final Messages messages;
  final Users users;

  CombineStream(this.messages, this.users);
}

Stream<List<CombineStream>> _combineStream;

@override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _combineStream = Observable(Firestore.instance
        .collection('chat')
        .orderBy("timestamp", descending: true)
        .snapshots())
        .map((convert) {
      return convert.documents.map((f) {

        Stream<Messages> messages = Observable.just(f)
            .map<Messages>((document) => Messages.fromSnapshot(document));

        Stream<Users> user = Firestore.instance
            .collection("users")
            .document(f.data['uid'])
            .snapshots()
            .map<Users>((document) => Users.fromSnapshot(document));

        return Observable.combineLatest2(
            messages, user, (messages, user) => CombineStream(messages, user));
      });
    }).switchMap((observables) {
      return observables.length > 0
          ? Observable.combineLatestList(observables)
          : Observable.just([]);
    })
}

for rxdart 0.23.x

@override
      void initState() {
        super.initState();
        _combineStream = Firestore.instance
            .collection('chat')
            .orderBy("timestamp", descending: true)
            .snapshots()
            .map((convert) {
          return convert.documents.map((f) {

            Stream<Messages> messages = Stream.value(f)
                .map<Messages>((document) => Messages.fromSnapshot(document));

            Stream<Users> user = Firestore.instance
                .collection("users")
                .document(f.data['uid'])
                .snapshots()
                .map<Users>((document) => Users.fromSnapshot(document));

            return Rx.combineLatest2(
                messages, user, (messages, user) => CombineStream(messages, user));
          });
        }).switchMap((observables) {
          return observables.length > 0
              ? Rx.combineLatestList(observables)
              : Stream.value([]);
        })
    }

You can also try the below ways. on the data loading in a custom method, using a dedicated Message class to hold the information from a message Document and the optional associated user Document.

Consider a code snippet like the below:

class Message {
  final message;
  final timestamp;
  final uid;
  final user;
  const Message(this.message, this.timestamp, this.uid, this.user);
}
class ChatList extends StatelessWidget {
  Stream<List<Message>> getData() async* {
    var messagesStream = Firestore.instance.collection("chat").orderBy("timestamp", descending: true).snapshots();
    var messages = List<Message>();
    await for (var messagesSnapshot in messagesStream) {
      for (var messageDoc in messagesSnapshot.documents) {
        var message;
        if (messageDoc["uid"] != null) {
          var userSnapshot = await Firestore.instance.collection("users").document(messageDoc["uid"]).get();
          message = Message(messageDoc["message"], messageDoc["timestamp"], messageDoc["uid"], userSnapshot["name"]);
        }
        else {
          message = Message(messageDoc["message"], messageDoc["timestamp"], "", "");
        }
        messages.add(message);
      }
      yield messages;
    }
  }
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    var streamBuilder = StreamBuilder<List<Message>>(
          stream: getData(),
          builder: (BuildContext context, AsyncSnapshot<List<Message>> messagesSnapshot) {
            if (messagesSnapshot.hasError)
              return new Text('Error: ${messagesSnapshot.error}');
            switch (messagesSnapshot.connectionState) {
              case ConnectionState.waiting: return new Text("Loading...");
              default:
                return new ListView(
                  children: messagesSnapshot.data.map((Message msg) {
                    return new ListTile(
                      title: new Text(msg.message),
                      subtitle: new Text(DateTime.fromMillisecondsSinceEpoch(msg.timestamp).toString()
                                         +"\n"+(msg.user ?? msg.uid)),
                    );
                  }).toList()
                );
            }
          }
        );
        return streamBuilder;
  }
}

In the context of the problem, the stream of data is a list of messages, and the async call is to fetch the user data and update the messages with this data in the stream.

It’s possible to do this directly in a Dart stream object using the function. Here’s some pure Dart code that demonstrates how to do it:

import 'dart:async';
import 'dart:math' show Random;

final random = Random();

const messageList = [
  {
    'message': 'Message 1',
    'timestamp': 1,
    'uid': 1,
  },
  {
    'message': 'Message 2',
    'timestamp': 2,
    'uid': 2,
  },
  {
    'message': 'Message 3',
    'timestamp': 3,
    'uid': 2,
  },
];

const userList = {
  1: 'User 1',
  2: 'User 2',
  3: 'User 3',
};

class Message {
  final String message;
  final int timestamp;
  final int uid;
  final String user;
  const Message(this.message, this.timestamp, this.uid, this.user);

  @override
  String toString() => '$user => $message';
}

// Mimic a stream of a list of messages
Stream<List<Map<String, dynamic>>> getServerMessagesMock() async* {
  yield messageList;
  while (true) {
    await Future.delayed(Duration(seconds: random.nextInt(3) + 1));
    yield messageList;
  }
}

// Mimic asynchronously fetching a user
Future<String> userMock(int uid) => userList.containsKey(uid)
    ? Future.delayed(
        Duration(milliseconds: 100 + random.nextInt(100)),
        () => userList[uid],
      )
    : Future.value(null);

// Transform the contents of a stream asynchronously
Stream<List<Message>> getMessagesStream() => getServerMessagesMock()
    .asyncMap<List<Message>>((messageList) => Future.wait(
          messageList.map<Future<Message>>(
            (m) async => Message(
              m['message'],
              m['timestamp'],
              m['uid'],
              await userMock(m['uid']),
            ),
          ),
        ));

void main() async {
  print('Streams with async transforms test');
  await for (var messages in getMessagesStream()) {
    messages.forEach(print);
  }
}

Ideally, you want to exclude any business logic such as data loading into a separate service or following the BloC pattern, e.g.:

class ChatBloc {
  final Firestore firestore = Firestore.instance;
  final Map<String, String> userMap = HashMap<String, String>();

  Stream<List<Message>> get messages async* {
    final messagesStream = Firestore.instance.collection('chat').orderBy('timestamp', descending: true).snapshots();
    var messages = List<Message>();
    await for (var messagesSnapshot in messagesStream) {
      for (var messageDoc in messagesSnapshot.documents) {
        final userUid = messageDoc['uid'];
        var message;

        if (userUid != null) {
          // get user data if not in map
          if (userMap.containsKey(userUid)) {
            message = Message(messageDoc['message'], messageDoc['timestamp'], userUid, userMap[userUid]);
          } else {
            final userSnapshot = await Firestore.instance.collection('users').document(userUid).get();
            message = Message(messageDoc['message'], messageDoc['timestamp'], userUid, userSnapshot['name']);
            // add entry to map
            userMap[userUid] = userSnapshot['name'];
          }
        } else {
          message =
              Message(messageDoc['message'], messageDoc['timestamp'], '', '');
        }
        messages.add(message);
      }
      yield messages;
    }
  }
}

Then you can just use the Bloc in your component and listen to the chatBloc.messages stream.

class ChatList extends StatelessWidget {
  final ChatBloc chatBloc = ChatBloc();

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return StreamBuilder<List<Message>>(
        stream: chatBloc.messages,
        builder: (BuildContext context, AsyncSnapshot<List<Message>> messagesSnapshot) {
          if (messagesSnapshot.hasError)
            return new Text('Error: ${messagesSnapshot.error}');
          switch (messagesSnapshot.connectionState) {
            case ConnectionState.waiting:
              return new Text('Loading...');
            default:
              return new ListView(children: messagesSnapshot.data.map((Message msg) {
                return new ListTile(
                  title: new Text(msg.message),
                  subtitle: new Text('${msg.timestamp}\n${(msg.user ?? msg.uid)}'),
                );
              }).toList());
          }
        });
  }
}

Conclusion:

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