What is the Difference Between fontSize and textScaleFactor In Flutter

What is the Difference Between fontSize and textScaleFactor In Flutter?

When building a flutter mobile application we can apply font size and style as per customer requirement using different properties from a flutter widget so in this article we will go through what is the difference between fontSize and textScaleFactor in Flutter.

Flutter, the versatile UI toolkit developed by Google, offers developers an array of powerful tools and options for crafting visually appealing and responsive mobile applications. When it comes to configuring text styles, two frequently used properties are fontSize and textScaleFactor. Although they both contribute to adjusting the appearance of text within your app, they have distinct functionalities and purposes. In this blog post, we will dive into the disparity between fontSize and textScaleFactor in Flutter, highlighting their individual roles, implications, and best practices. By the end, you will have a clear understanding of when to utilize each property, enabling you to create cohesive and adaptable text layouts within your Flutter projects. Let’s explore the differences and discover how to leverage these properties effectively.

What is the Difference Between fontSize and textScaleFactor In Flutter?

When we talk about rendering both the widget there is no difference but when it comes to purpose there are quite different.

Font-size is usually a per-component value. While the scale factor is more global.

The fact that you can override the scale factor directly on the Text is just a bonus.

In your typical application, you’ll have the following:

MediaQuery(
  data: MediaQuery.of(context).copyWith(textScaleFactor: 2.0),
  child: Whatever(
    child: Text("Foo", style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.headline),
  ),
);

Basically, consider textScaleFactor as a zoom option. While font-size is used to separate a title from its content.

textScaleFactoris used for accessibility.

There is an Android system option that increases text size, not the overall UI scale.

There doesn’t seem to be a technical difference.

From the TextStyle docs:

/// During painting, the [fontSize] is multiplied by the current
/// `textScaleFactor` to let users make it easier to read text by increasing
/// its size.

Font size actually is the size that is given by the programmer in his application and does not change with the user setting.

for example:-

Text('Always the same size!', style: TextStyle(fontSize: 20));
This text ALWAYS has a size of 20 device pixels, no matter what the user changed in
his / her device settings.

Now have a look at how TextScaleFactor affects this scenario…

final scaleFactor = MediaQuery.of(context).textScaleFactor;
Text('This changes!', style: TextStyle(fontSize: 20 * scaleFactor));

This text on the other hand also has a size of 20 if the user didn’t change anything in the settings because textScaleFactor by default is 1. But if changes were made, the font size of this text respects the user settings.

Conclusion:

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In this article, we have been through what is the difference between fontSize and textScaleFactor in flutter.

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Abhishek Dhanani

Written by Abhishek Dhanani

Abhishek Dhanani, a skilled software developer with 3+ years of experience, masters Dart, JavaScript, TypeScript, and frameworks like Flutter and NodeJS. Proficient in MySQL, Firebase, and cloud platforms AWS and GCP, he delivers innovative digital solutions.

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