Difference Between Cloud Firestore & Firebase Databases.

· 7 min read
Difference between Cloud Firestore & Firebase Database?
Difference between Cloud Firestore & Firebase Database?

There is a major difference in types of databases. So, in this article, we will see the difference between cloud firestore & firebase real-time databases used by Flutter developers.

Difference between Cloud Firestore & Firebase Database?

While the Realtime Database is just a giant JSON tree, Cloud Firestore is a little more structured. All your data consists of documents that are basically key-value stores and collections which are collections of documents. Documents will also frequently point to subcollections, which contain other documents. It can contain other documents, and so on.

This structured data helps you out in two ways. First, all queries are shallow, meaning that you can request a document without grabbing all the data underneath. This means you can keep your data stored hierarchically in a way that makes more sense to you without having to worry about keeping your database shallow. Second, you have more powerful queries. For instance, you can now query across multiple fields without having to create those “combo” fields that combine and denormalize data from other parts of your database. In some cases, Cloud Firestore will just run those queries directly. And in other cases, it will automatically create and maintain indexes for you.

1) Designed to Scale:

Cloud Firestore will be able to scale better than the Realtime Database. It’s important to note that your queries scale to the size of your result set, not your data set. So searching will remain fast no matter how large your data set might become.

2) Easier Manual Fetching of Data

Like the Realtime Database, you can set up listeners in Cloud Firestore to stream in changes in real-time. But if you don’t want that kind of behavior, and just want a simple “fetch my data” call, Cloud Firestore has that as well, and it’s built-in as a primary use case. They’re much better than the once calls in Realtime Database-land.

3) Multi-Region Support:

This basically means more reliability, as your data is shared across multiple data centers at once. But you still have strong consistency, meaning you can always make a query and be assured that you’re getting the latest version of your data.

4) Different pricing model

While the real-time database primarily charges based on storage or network bandwidth, Cloud Firestore primarily charges based on the number of operations you perform. Will this be better, or worse? It depends on your app.

Firebase’s real-time database is structured as a JSON tree. While Cloud Firestore stores data in documents document is a set of key-value pairs and collections of documents. Realtime Database Stores data in JSON tree while Cloud firestore stores data in documents which is very similar to JSON.

More Structure Data:

Real Time database
Real-Time database

In Cloud FireStore, Documents can contain subcollections and nested objects like ‘phone’ in the above figure, both of which can include primitive fields like strings like ‘name’, ’email’ in the above figure, or complex objects like lists.

In the real-time database, we can only sort or filter on a single property within a single query, not both sort and filter on a property. Also, in the Cloud FireStore, You can chain filters and combine filtering and sorting on a property in a single query. If you want to fetch data in descending order then Cloud FireStore is very useful for you. For the Realtime Database, there is no query feature available.

flutter agency
flutter agency

You can also chain multiple “were” methods to create more specific queries logical AND in Cloud FireStore.

Real time database
Real-time database
  • Scalability: Cloud Firestore will be able to scale better than the Realtime Database. It’s important to note that Your query performance is proportional to the size of your result set, not your data set. So searching will remain fast no matter how large your data set might become.
  • Manual fetching of data: We can listen to data in real-time in the Cloud FireStore like in Realtime Database but in the Cloud FireStore, we can also fetch data manually if you want any data only one time.
  • Security: In the Realtime Database, we need to validate data separately using the validate rule but in the Cloud FireStore, data validation happens automatically.

Writing the data:

We can execute multiple operations as a single batch and complete them atomically, with any combination of the set(), update(), or delete() methods. consider the below image snippet.

What's the Difference Between Cloud Firestore and the Firebase Realtime Database
What’s the Difference Between Cloud Firestore and the Firebase Realtime Database

Pricing:

In the Realtime Database, charges only for bandwidth and storage, but at a higher rate. while in the Cloud FireStore, charges primarily on operations performed in your database read, write, delete, and, at a lower rate, bandwidth and storage.

Conclusion:

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So, in this article, we have seen the difference between cloud firestore & firebase real-time databases. Make sure to check out our other article related to Flutter. Also, feel free to comment and provide any other suggestions regarding Flutter

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